A Nation is a living personality; it has a soul, even like a human individual.
The soul of a nation is also a psychic being, that is to say, a conscious
being, a formation out of the Divine Consciousness and in direct contact
with it, a power and aspect of Mahashakti. A nation is not merely the
sum total of the individuals that compose it, but a collective personality
of which the individuals are as it were cells, like the cells of a living
and conscious organism. The psychic being or soul of a nation is indeed
conscious; it knows its raison d'être, its life purpose, its destiny,
the role it has to play in the divine scheme as the divine instrument.
And its will - for it has a will, the expression of its consciousness,
the Divine's impulse in and through it - is inevitable, sooner or later
it will fulfil itself. Even like the soul of a man, the nation's soul
is behind all the movements that form its external life, supporting, building,
guiding its political, economic, social or cultural make up. The individual
can know of and come in contact with the nation's soul in and through
his own soul. When one becomes conscious of his psychic being then only
one is in a condition to be conscious of the psychic being of the collective
person of his nation or the nation with which he has inner affinity.
There are periods in the life cycle of a nation, critical moments, when
it is in deadly peril, when its very existence is threatened, attacked
by enemy forces either from within or from without. Such was the case
when, for example, Britain was invaded by the Spanish Armada or when France
was being subjugated by England. Those were very anxious times, but in
each instance the soul of the nation came forward and inspired the nation
to react and go through the ordeal and survive. Jeanne d'Arc may be considered
as the embodiment of France's national soul, as on a still earlier occasion
that same soul embodied itself in St. Geneviève. But a nation may
fall on much more evil days, namely, when it loses contact with its very
soul, goes astray, its life movement taking a wrong curve. A nation can
deny its soul, even as an individual may and the result is disaster. Germany
is a terrible example of such a tragedy in our own day.
India is offering a spectacle of another tragedy. What is happening here
is the attack of a disease that is convulsing the body politic: it seems
to be a cancerous disease, the limbs seeking to grow independently at
the expense of each other. The patient is passing through a very critical
period and it is indeed a question of life and death. But we hope - we
are sure -that the soul of this ancient nation will assert itself and
through whatever vicissitudes reestablish health and harmony: for that
soul's mission is yet to be done. Like the individual a nation too dies.
Ancient Greece and Rome, Egypt and Babylon and Chaldea are no more. What
has happened to their souls, is may be asked. Well, what happens to the
soul of the individual when the body falls away? The soul returns to the
Like the individual Psyche the collective Psyche too goes and retires
into the womb of peace and light with all its treasures, its beauty and
glory gathered in, like a bird that goes to sleep within its folded wings.
What the Greek culture and civilisation was still continues to exist in
its quintessential reality in a world, to which one has access if one
has the requisite kinship of consciousness and psychic opening. That soul
lives in its own domain, with all the glory of its achievement and realisation
at their purest; and from there it sheds its lustre, exerts its influence,
acts as living leaven in the world's cultural heritage and spiritual growth.
When however the soul withdraws, when a nation in a particular cycle of
its soul manifestation has fulfilled its role and mission, the body of
the nation falls gradually into decadence. The elements that composed
the organic reality, the living consistency of national life disintegrate,
lose their energy and cohesive capacity; they die out and are dispersed
or persist for a time as a confused mixture of disconnected and mechanically
moving cells. But it may happen too that in an apparently dying or dead
nation, the soul that retired comes back again, not in its old form and
mode of life for that cannot be Egypt, if it lives again today cannot
repeat the ages of the Pharaohs and the Pyramids but in a new personality,
with a fresh life purpose. In such a case what happens is truly, a national
resurrection a Lazarus coming back to life at the touch of the Divine.
We do not believe that India was ever completely dead or hopelessly moribund:
her soul, although not always in front, was ever-present as a living force,
presiding over and guiding her destiny. That is why there is a perennial
capacity for renewal in her and the capacity to go through dire ordeals.
And to live up to her genius, she too must know how to march with the
time, that is to say, not to cling to old and past forms to be faithful,
to the ancient soul does not mean eternising the external frames and formulas
that expressed that soul one time or another. Indeed the soul becomes
alive and vigorous when it finds a new disposition of the life plan which
can embody and translate a fresh creative activity, a new fulfilment emanating
from the depths of the soul.
Nolini Kanta Gupta
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